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Colorectal Cancer Risks, Signs, Symptoms & Screening
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Arizona Oncology offers an integrated team-oriented approach to provide you with the best possible cancer care. We are eager to explain the facts about colorectal cancer and answer your questions every step along the way. Our team of dedicated, highly-trained physicians and staff is committed to providing the highest quality compassionate care to our patients. Colorectal cancer is the 3rd most common cancer to be diagnosed in the U.S. and the second leading cause of cancer death. Read this brief overview of some colorectal cancer risk factors, signs and symptoms of colorectal cancer and coloretal cancer screening. 

Colorectal Cancer Risk factors

  • Age: Chances of being diagnosed with colorectal cancer increase as a person gets older
  • Family history: Having close relatives with colorectal cancer increases a person’s risk
  • Diet: Diets high in fat and low in calcium, folate and fiber may increase risk
  • Smoking: Smoking may increase risk of developing polyps and colorectal cancer
  • Alcohol: Heavy use of alcohol has been linked to the disease
  • Lack of exercise: People who are not active have a higher risk of colorectal cancer

Signs and Symptoms of Colorectal Cancer

These are often not present until the disease is more advanced.

  • Change in bowel habits or blood in stool
  • Abdominal discomfort such as cramps, gas pains, or bloating
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea and vomiting

Colorectal Cancer Screening

The National Comprehensive Cancer Network recommends that people with an average risk begin colorectal screening at age 45. If there is a family history of cancer or Lynch syndrome and/or a personal history of polyps or inflammatory bowel disease, screening before the age of 45 may be recommended by your physician. There are several screening options available. Learn more about the diagnosis of colorectal cancer. Talk with your doctor if you have any concerns about colorectal cancer. 

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